Ancient Rome was a civilization founded on the Italian peninsula in the 8th century BCE that, through conquest and assimilation, came to dominate Western Europe and the entire area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Eventually succumbing to barbarian invasions in the 5th century, the Roman Empire left behind a legacy that has shaped western civilization even today.
The densely packed archaeological area described as Ancient Rome stretches from the Via dei Fori Imperiali where the impressive forum is located, and the Palatine Hill (where the emperors resided) to the Colosseum, the Circus Maximus and the Baths of Caracalla. But that’s just the beginning. Archaeological remains can be spotted all over the eternal city, layered under Rome’s many reincarnations and even underneath the modern city streets.